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Introduction to Cambodia


  Capital Phnom Penh
  Land Area 181,035 sq.km
  Population 13.81 Million (2006 est.)
  Official Language Khmer
  Currency Riel (US$1 = 4000 Riels)
  Major Export Products Garments/Textile Product, Sawn Wood Furniture and Rubber
  Major Industries Textiles and Garments, Beverage, Food Processing, WoodProcessing
  Head of State His Majesty Samdech Preah Baromneath Norodom Sihamoni
  Head of Government His Excellency Samdech Hun Sen Prime Minister


Cambodia, which is physically located in Southeast Asia, covers an area of 181,035 sq km (69,898 sq mi). Most of the country consists of a low-lying alluvial plain that occupies the central part of the country. To the southeast of the plain lies the delta of the Mekong River. To the east of the plain, ranges of undulating hills separate Cambodia from Vietnam. To the southwest a mountain range, the Chuor Phnum Krâvanh, fringes the plain and forms a physical barrier along the country's coast. Cambodia's highest peak, Phnom Aural (1,813 m/5,948 ft) rises in the eastern part of this range. To the north, the Chuor Phnum Dangrek mountains separate Cambodia from Thailand.

Geographically speaking, Cambodia is divided into six major regions: the western and northwestern mountains rich in tropical forest, wildlife and fruit trees; the northeastern plateau abounding with tropical forest, wildlife, waterfalls, diamonds and magic; the central plain known as a large area of flat land for cultivating mainly rice, corns and beans; for favoring fish and mangrove, there’s the western and southwestern coastal plain popular with tourists who sunbathe on the sandy beaches, and who consume seafood; the western and northeastern valleys suitable for the development of hydro-electric power; and the peninsula suitable for tin mining, rubber cultivation and fishing.


Total population is 13,81 million. Ninety percent of residents are Khmer, and the remnants of these are Chinese, Vietnamese, Indian, Thai, Phnorng, Kuoy, Stineng, Tamil, etc.


Theravada Buddhism is the official prevailing religion in Cambodia, and approximately ninety percent of the population is Buddhists. The country also has minority religions such as Islam, Hinduism and Christianity which Muslims, Hindus and Christians believe in. Since Buddha’s statues and images represent the Buddha, visitors are asked to behave respectfully to all statues and images so as not to cause offence to local people. It is illegal to take any Buddha’s statues out of Cambodia without the express permission of the Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts.


Phnom Penh is the capital, which has an area of 290 square kilometers, is seriously considered the major center of administration, commerce, communication, culture, economy, education, industry, policy, and tourism. It is also home to legal immigrants from Australia, Burma, China, France, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Philippine, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, UK, USA, Vietnam etc. The Phnom Penh Capital is a lifeline of Cambodian economy for sustaining residents and it is a tropical paradise for tourists and businessmen. The Phnom Penh’s resident population is said to total over two million people.


7hours ahead of GMT( Greenwich Mean Time).


Most international visitors to Cambodia arrive by air at either Phnom Penh or Siem Reap. An increasing number of airlines are operating into Cambodia in response to the Cambodian governments open skies policy. The list of international airlines serving Cambodia includes; Bangkok Airways, China Southern Airlines, Dragonair, EVA Air, Lao Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Mandarin Airlines, Mekong Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Siem Reap Airways International, Silk Air, Royal Phnom Penh Airways, Thai Airways International and Vietnam Airlines.

Overland travel to Cambodia is possible through Thailand, Laos and Vietnam via border crossings.


All nationalities need to apply for a travel visa, except from the following countries: Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines and Laos.A Visa on arrival, valid for a thirty-day stay and can be obtained at the following points of entry:

@ Airports
- Phnom Penh International Airport
- Siem Reap International Airport

@ Cambodia-Vietnam border
- Bavet International Check Point
- Kha Orm Sam Nor International Check Point

@ Cambodia-Thailand border
- Cham Yeam International Check Point
- Poi Pet International Check Point
- O’Smach International Check Point

Visas are also granted at Royal Cambodia Embassy or Consulate abroad. The visa fee for a tourist is US$20, and the one for businessman is US$25.


* For International flight at Phnom Penh & Siem Reap International Airport:
- Each foreigner has to pay US$25 for Adult and US$13 for Child.
- Each Khmer traveler has to pay US$18 for Adult or Child.

* For Domestic flight at Phnom Penh & Siem Reap International Airport:
- Each foreigner has to pay US$6 for Adult or Child.
- Each Khmer traveler has to pay US$5 for Adult or Child.


* Government offices:
- Monday to Friday : 07:30 – 11:30
: 14:00 – 17:00
* Business offices:
- Monday to Friday : 08:00 – 12:00
: 14:00 – 17:30
- Saturday : 08:00 – 12:00
* Banks:
- Monday to Friday : 08:00 – 15:00
- Saturday : 08:00 – 12:00
* Super Markets :
- Open daily : 08:00 – 21:00
* Shops & Markets
- Open daily : 07:00 – 17:00


- Police : 117.
- Fire : 118.
- Ambulance : 119.